Here is the answer to a molecule with the chemical formula C6H12O6 is probably a__? It’s a question of Molecular Biology.
A molecule with the chemical formula C6H12O6 is probably a__?
The correct answer is the below.
What is Monosaccharide?
Monosaccharides are molecules that can no longer be simply hydrolyzed into smaller sugars. Depending on the position of the carbonyl group, they are divided into two categories: aldose and ketose.
Monosaccharides are sugars that can no longer be hydrolyzed. Monosaccharides are the basic units of the molecules that make up various disaccharides and polysaccharides.
The most important monosaccharides that are most closely related to people are glucose and others. Other common monosaccharides are fructose, galactose, ribose, and deoxyribose, etc.
Ring structure of monosaccharides
In solution, monosaccharides containing more than four carbon atoms exist mainly in a ring structure.
The hydroxyl group in the monosaccharide molecule can be reversibly condensed with the aldehyde or ketone group to form a cyclic hemiacetal (emiacetal).
After cyclization, the carbonyl C becomes a chiral C atom called end-isomeric carbon atom (anomeric carbon atom). And the two diastereoisomers formed after cyclization are called end-group isomers, or head isomers (anomer). Which are called α- and β-type head isomers, respectively.
The cyclic structure is generally represented by the Haworth structural formula.
It is inconvenient to represent the ring structure by Fischer projection. The Haworth structural formula reflects the bond angles and bond lengths in the sugar molecule more correctly than the Fischer projection.
The molecular formula of glucose is C6H12O6, which contains five hydroxyl groups and one aldehyde group, and is a hexanal sugar.
Here is the correct answer to a molecule with the chemical formula C6H12O6 is probably a__?
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